Stem Cells

Home/Stem Cells

The Key Differences Between Embryonic & Adult Stem Cell Therapy

Mention stem cells, and the controversial topic of embryonic stem cell research comes to mind.

It’s therefore crucial to underline that the stem cell therapy used for regenerative medicine is adult stem cell therapy.

It is not the subject of any ethical controversy, since in this kind of therapy the stem cells are taken directly from the patient themselves. Adult stem cell therapy is in fact a separate area of research from embryonic stem cells.

What Are Stem Cells?

As one might guess form the name, all of the 300+ types of human cells “stem” from special, more primitive and undifferentiated cells. These cells are the precursors of the specialized cells making up our blood, bones, brain cells, muscles, heart cells, organs, skin, and the like.

Stem cells come in two types: adult, and embryonic.

adult stem cell therapy

stem cell therapy

Adult stem cells, as used in regenerative therapies, are present in a number of types of tissue long after birth — for example, the bones, brain, intestine, kidneys, liver, skin, muscle, nervous system, and pancreas. These cells are designed to help repair and replace injured tissue.

Embryonic stem cells, on the other hand, are present in the newly fertilized egg inside 5 days after fertilization. They’re present before the egg has been implanted into the uterus wall. The stem cells are about the size of a grain of sugar, and the “ball” of stem cells is known as the blastocyte.

Why Is There A Controversy?

For a long time, scientists believed adult stem cells were less capable than they actually are, and as a result focused on researching embryonic stem cells.

In order to get embryonic stem cells, they’re usually taken from the left-over fertilized eggs which result from the in vitro fertilization process. (Couples using in-vitro fertilization, where the fertilization is done outside the body, will have multiple eggs and sperm fertilized.

This is to ensure implanting them back into the woman will ‘take.’) Around 50-60% of the resulting embryos are not considered viable.

Since the Catholic Church believes life starts at conception, the Church strongly disagrees with making any use of the resulting ball of cells. The fact that the cells could become human if they were implanted means that, in Church doctrine, they have the same status as a fetus.

No use of the fertilized eggs for any reason except re-implanting them is permitted. Other Christian sects and religions have adopted this position also.

Why Not Use Adult Stem Cells in Research?

Since adult stem cells — the types used by Regenerative Medicine Specialists in stem cell therapy — do not have any ethical or religious concerns associated with them, it would seem logical to avoid the controversial embryonic type entirely. However, for a long time adult stem cells were thought to be less capable than they are. Only recently has it been shown that adult stem cells are able to change into other types of cells than the tissue from which they were taken, for example.

While embryonic stem cells still have some benefits for scientists working in the lab, much research is now shifting to adult stem cells.

How Does This Impact Stem Cell Treatment?

Now that scientists have been able to reverse adult stem cells from particular tissues into many different cell types, the door has been opened to making adult stem cell therapy even more powerful and versatile than before.

At no point is there any involvement of the controversial embryonic stem cells. Instead, research is underway to use the non-controversial adult stem cell therapy for Alzheimer’s disease, deafness, and even baldness.

Alternatives to Surgery for Knee Joint Pain Relief

knee joint pain relief

knee joint pain

Knee injuries are quite common.

Estimates are that they are responsible for more than 1 million surgeries every year.

About 650,000 of those are arthroscopic meniscal procedures.

Considering that in particular these meniscal procedures can leave the knee in an unstable condition (the re-operation rate for post-meniscectomy procedures may be up to 29%) this is a very high number.

Fortunately, for some patients, regenerative medicine may help provide knee joint pain relief without painful and invasive surgery.

What Causes Knee Pain?

In order to understand why it’s so important to find alternatives to surgery for knee joint pain relief, it’s worth first understanding where the pain comes from in the first place, and the knee’s anatomy.

One of the most frequently injured components is the meniscus, a fibrocartilagionous, crescent-shaped structure which is actually divided into two specific parts: the medial and lateral menisci.

These menisci give the knee its structural integrity, while delivering lubrication and nutrition to the articular cartilage and shock absorption to the structure as a whole when moving around. A number of ligaments also work with the mensci in tandem, in order to prevent overextension.

The menisci can get damaged in two ways: gradual overuse and acute injury. Tears tend to be the most common form of injury. The trouble with the meniscus is it’s poorly vascularized — it has limited blood flow. (Just 10-25% of the meniscus has a direct supply of blood.) If the area is injured, the chances of an internal, natural repair are limited. The other areas cannot heal from injuries at all.

Identifying A Meniscal Tear

Patients who suffer a meniscus tear as a result of trauma or sudden injury experience immediate, sudden pain, often accompanied by a kind of pop. If the tear is the result of overuse and ongoing stress, the pain will tend to be less obtrusive. It simply increases in time.

For both cases, the injury is usually accompanied by some swelling and an overall reduction in mechanical function and mobility. Meniscal tears are often also accompanied by popping, clicking, or locking in the knee joint.

Though many patients decide to seek help as a result of overt symptoms like these, a surprising number of patients have torn menisci yet don’t realize it. One study found that 60% of patients whose knees got an MRI scan showed a meniscal tear, though they didn’t have the symptoms.

As a result, patients who have an MRI for knee pain come back with a mensical tear may have had the tear silently for 20 years or more — yet their doctors may recommend surgery.

Healing The Knee Without Surgery

Ultimately, the problem with surgery is that it cannot change the lack of a blood supply to the meniscus. The surgery does not allow the body to heal itself, so surgeries often result in more pain, instability, and degeneration.

Instead, PRP or stem cell therapy may be able to help with knee pain, and do it without surgery. PRP therapy in particular delivers to the damaged or torn meniscus an ‘extra dose’ of the things it needs: healing factors like platelets, which allow the meniscus to heal itself.

Best of all, this procedure does not require a hospital visit or any physical therapy for recovery. Regenerative techniques can often be done on a same-day, in-office basis.

How We Treat Iliolumbar Ligament Pain

Normally, iliolumbar ligament pain is the result of sports injuries that involved repeated bending or twisting the back. For example, golf and volleyball injuries are frequent causes of iliolumbar ligament problems; car accidents are another common one as well.

Iliolumbar ligament pain may sometimes be called iliac crest pain syndrome, iliolumbar syndrome for short. No matter what the cause, it’s always produced by tearing and/or inflammation in the iliolumbar ligament.

The iliolumbar ligament stretches from the back of the pelvis — the iliac crest — up towards the spine. Inflammation here can produce referred pain that seems to be coming from a variety of places: the back, the hip, the groin, the pelvis, or sometimes even the testicular, vaginal, or rectal areas. This referred pain can make it difficult to diagnose.

Signs of Iliolumbar Ligament Pain

Recurring, frequent lower back pain attacks are common symptoms of iliolumbar ligament pain. These attacks will tend to show up in a triangularly shaped region which is located between the so-called erector spinae muscles, the facet joints, the quadratus lumborum muscle, the lumbar fascia, and the iliolumbar ligaments. Painful attacks may be produced by almost any kind of physical exercise involving a bending or twisting of the lumbar spine.

In some cases, however, the pain only shows itself once the patient has been sitting down for some time — or even just during a brief period of time in the early morning, such as immediately after waking up and getting out of bed.

Lastly, patients with iliolumbar syndrome sometimes experience hip or groin pains next to the standard pains, possibly including some tenderness of the iliolumbar area as well.

Treating Iliolumbar Syndrome

Iliolumbar ligament pain may be difficult to diagnose, since it often involves pain in a variety of areas. Usually doctors assume it is a muscular strain, leading them to prescribe rest and ice.

Sadly, this approach does not actually help heal the damaged ligament, nor can it repair weak ligaments which produce the referred pain. This means that the chronic pain of iliolumbar ligament problems goes unresolved.

Iliolumbar Ligament Pain

iliolumbar ligament pain

After the more conservative program of treatment has failed, usually doctors prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids — yet these often produce more harm than they do good. Though they provide short term pain relief, in the long term these may be harmful, accelerating cartilage degeneration and inhibiting soft tissue healing.

Patients who don’t respond to even these treatments are usually referred to a surgeon. Yet since surgeons tend to rely on the X-ray as a diagnostic tool and X-rays usually fail to identify iliolumbar issues correctly, the surgeon may not recognize before the surgery that they are dealing with iliolumbar syndrome — and as a result they do not recognize the surgery will be unable to alleviate the iliolumbar ligament pain.

How We Treat Iliolumbar Ligament Pain

Instead of using harmful steroids or resorting to surgery, it is our experience that regenerative treatments like stem cells and PRP therapies may relieve ilolumbar syndrome in as little as a single visit to our office, without a hospital stay.

How is this possible? Regenerative therapies allow the body to repair itself quickly and effectively. They involve taking cells which are designed to promote rapid healing from places in the body where these cells are stored and then injecting them into the damaged area.

There, they promote healing and rapid tissue regeneration.

How Stem Cell Therapy Eases Pain & Helps Avoid Surgery

stem cell injections

stem cell therapy

Arlene Abrams of Cleveland, Ohio is a patient who has dealt with shoulder pain for over a decade. Despite undergoing surgery for a torn rotator cuff in her right shoulder, after a few years she started experiencing significant pain as well as a limited range of motion again. MRI scans of her shoulders showed major tearing, damage, and retraction — the only surgical option from there was total shoulder replacement.

However, Arlene preferred to avoid undergoing another round of surgery to her shoulder if at all possible. Thanks to stem cell therapy, she has so far been able to stay off the operating table.

Instead of going through surgery, Arlene decided to try regenerative medicine, as practiced by Regenerative Medicine Specialists. This cutting-edge type of treatment allows the body to regenerate injured tissues by regenerating them from the patient’s own stem cells. The therapy stimulates previously damaged tissues to the point that they regain their structure and begin to recover. With stem cell therapy, Arlene’s pain went down while her range of motion went up.

Within a few weeks after the procedure — which was performed at the Cleveland Shoulder Institute — Arlene noticed that it no longer stressed her shoulders to hold her “wiggly” 4-month-old granddaughter. “I no longer have pain” when she picks up laundry soap or a gallon of milk, she said. “I couldn’t be more pleased.”

Regenerative techniques use adult stem cells taken from the patient, sometimes combined with blood platelets, in order to speed up healing and repair in bone, joint, muscle, soft tissue, as well as nerve injuries.

All of us carry around stem cells which act as the body’s “repairmen.” Healthy regenerative stem cells exist in fat, the bone marrow, as well as some forms of connective tissue. Regenerative treatments take these healthy cells from parts of the body that are rich in them, then inject the cells into injured parts of the body which need them.

Because the cells have been taken from the patient’s own tissue, there’s no risk of rejection when they’re injected into the injured area. Often using ultrasonic guidance to ensure precise placement, the doctor injects the extracted cells directly into the injured ligament, tendon, muscle, nerve, joint, or bone. There is no hospital stay required.

Arelene had her stem cell treatments “right there in the doctor’s office,” she said. She first started noticing improvements in both her limited range of motion and chronic pain “about two weeks” following the procedure, and her condition has “continued to significantly improve” since then.

Regenerative medicine may represent a viable alternative for many patients who are looking to avoid surgery or ongoing steroid treatments in ever larger numbers. It can help with many conditions ranging from osteoarthritis to rotator cuff injuries, meniscus tears, tennis elbow, muscle strains, tendonitis and tendinosis, plantar fasciitis, nonunion fractures, compression nerve injuries, and many more.

Regenerative Medicine Specialists are skilled in using stem cell therapy not just on its own but also in combination with other regenerative techniques for maximum effectiveness. Depending on the condition our doctors may recommend a particular type of therapy such as lipoaspirate or stromal vascular fraction, or with the use of platelet rich plasma, cytokine, or growth factor therapy.

Stem Cell Injections May Soon Save Seniors From Losing Their Eyesight

stem cell treatment

stem cell injections

The treatment is still in the research phase, but a recent study indicates that stem cell injections might soon be able to slow or even reverse the effects of age-related eye degeneration in the early stages of the condition.

At the moment the disease is considered untreatable — and it’s one of the major causes of vision loss in people over the age of 65.

More than 15 million US adults are afflicted by age-related macular degeneration right now. The disease starts when the macula, the small central area of the retina, begins to deteriorate. Next to age, both environmental factors and genetic predispositions contribute to this macular degeneration.

The lead author of the research, Shaomei Wang of the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute’s Eye Program, has noted that this is the first work to show it’s possible to preserve vision by injecting only a single dose of the cells suffering from age-related macular degeneration.

After the researchers gave the rats a single shot of human adult-derived stem cells, their vision stayed preserved for some 130 days — the equivalent of around 16 human years.

Following the injection, the researchers noted that healthy cells began migrating towards the retina, where they formed a protective layer which held off ongoing degeneration. In order to produce the induced neural progenitor cells, the scientists started by converting adult human cells to induced pluripotent stem cells. From there, they made them into the needed human cell.

According to study contributing author Clive Svendsen, the induced progenitor cells represent a “unique source” of cells which are capable of slowing macular degeneration and associated vision loss.

Of course, researchers still need to gather additional data before clinical studies can begin. Nevertheless research is coming close to allowing doctors to begin offering adult stem cell injections as a customized treatment method for patients with macular degeneration and similar studies.

After this study’s promising results, researchers are starting to test the efficacy and safety of stem cell injections in animal models prior to moving to clinical trials in human patients.

Assuming the pre-clinical trials are successful, clinical trials will be designed later to test the potential benefit of stem cell injections for human age-related macular degeneration.

While stem cell therapy for age related macular degeneration is still a ways off where human patients are concerned, Regenerative Medicine Specialists currently offers the treatment for a variety of other conditions which interfere with valued activities and quality of life.

In our doctors’ experience, the treatments — which need minimal downtime and allow a fast return to work and play — can provide complete relief in just a single injection. Musculoskeletal, shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, spine, hip, knee, and foot and ankle conditions are the main areas of focus for Regenerative Medicine Specialists.

Depending on the condition, our doctors may recommend one or more or a combination of stem cell injections, platelet rich plasma therapy, cytokine therapy, or growth factor therapy. All of these therapies focus on using the body’s own cells to produce rapid healing and regeneration — essentially allowing the body to repair itself.

Basic At-Home Treatment for Ischial Bursitis

Ischial tuberosity pain treatmentIschial bursitis is an extremely painful condition which usually arises after sports injuries — in particular those injuries which produce a hamstring strain or tendonitis. It used to be known as “tailor’s bottom” because it can also be caused by sitting too long on a hard surface, and symptoms tend to involve pain in the lower buttocks while sitting and tingling or numbness in the lower leg (especially while flexing the knee).

PRP and/or stem cell treatments are an extremely effective way of treating ischial bursitis. However, traditional conservative therapies are usually indicated before attempting a clinical treatment. Simple therapies like “RIMS” can provide immediate relief and facilitate later therapy with regenerative medicine.

What Is Ischial Bursitis? & Does it Need Treating?

Treatment for Ischial bursitis cannot be avoided, it is a chronic or acute inflammation of the bursa sac, which is a fluid filled sac located between the ischial tuberosity and the hamstring tendon. The exact cause is still not known to medicine, but trauma as well as inflammation from accompanying arthritis or gout may also trigger ischial bursitis.

In cases of acute bursitis, patients may experience inflammation and extreme pain. Their ability to move around may be limited, as moving the joint can produce a sharp increase in pain.

If the patient experiences multiple episodes of an acute bursitis, their condition may develop into a chronic one. At this point the bursa may thicken and readily develop adhesions to the surrounding tissue, which limits the range of motion. Muscles may weaken and atrophy.

Immediate Treatments You Can Do
In order to prevent an acute bursitis from developing into a chronic condition, it’s important to see a doctor and apply treatment as quickly as possible. While the ideal case is of course a consultation at our clinic, within the first 24 to 48 hours of the injury a “RIMS” program is usually recommended to prevent further damage while waiting for more advanced treatment. RIMS stands for:

R — Rest. It’s crucial to rest for the 24-48 hour period after the bursitis appears. Try to rest the affected joint as much as possible. With ischial bursitis, using a cane (at least briefly) may be advisable in order to ensure the area is free of pressure.

I — Ice. Apply ice in order to reduce swelling and inflammation. Ice should be applied 3-4 times a day for the next 24-48 hours.

M — Mobility. Attempt to GENTLY increase movement in the injured joint, if possible, in order to ensure it does not become frozen.

S — Strengthen. If this has been enough to relieve the pain, slowly begin to restore the normal range of motion using exercise.

Unfortunately, in many cases simple treatment like this is not enough to fully deal with an ischial bursitis. On the other hand, PRP or stem cell based treatment can frequently eliminate the inflammation and regenerate the involved tissues quickly, and it is often able to do this even when traditional treatments failed.

 Ischial Bursitis – What do we focus on?schial tuberosity bursitis treatment
The doctors at Regenerative Medicine Specialists focus on Ischial Bursitis treatment that provide relief on a same-day in-office basis, without requiring a hospital stay. For most cases, this means either platelet rich plasma (PRP) or stem cell treatments. These use your body’s own cells to allow the injured or swollen area to regenerate itself quickly and safely.

How We Treat Knee Joint Pain

The PRP or stem cell treatments we use at Regenerative Medicine Specialists can help treat a variety of knee joint pain issues without needing surgery or steroid injections. Our procedures happen in the office, usually on a same-day basis, and hospitalization is not required.

Because the therapies we use are aimed at allowing your body to regenerate damaged tissue, they can treat many different conditions without the side effects or risks associated with normal treatments.

We consider this to be groundbreaking technology — it addresses the main, underlying condition, instead of simply trying to treat the symptoms.

When it comes to the knee itself, there are many different structures which are vulnerable to either chronic degradation or acute injury: bones, menisci, cartilage, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bursae.

Until now, patients with knee joint pain for whom conservative treatments like rest and ice failed to produce results could only turn to steroid injection, surgery, or addictive opioids.

PRP and stem cell treatments, on the other hand, help relieve the pain, restore normal function, and do it without many of the problems posed by other therapies.

Treating Runner’s Knee (Patellofemoral Syndrome)

Runner’s Knee, more properly known as patellofemoral syndrome and sometimes also called Jumper’s Knee, is the most common knee problem overall. Athletes of all types may be diagnosed with it, and heavier or older patients sometimes develop this condition also.

knee painPatellofemoral syndrome has to do with a feature that makes the knee unique in the body. In the knee, the patella (commonly called the kneecap) is placed over the anterior surface. On the underside of the patella is a layer of cartilage which helps the patella slide over the knee joint’s distal femur when the quadriceps muscle contracts to extend the knee.

Commonly, patients develop tendonitis on the patellar tendon or arthritis on the patella underside which is very limiting and painful when it comes to mobility. Non-regenerative technique often fail to provide enough sustained relief, leading patients to feel surgery is their only option.

Yet with stem cell and PRP treatment, we can enable the body to repair itself — an option which provides effective and lasting relief.

Arthritis in the Knee

Especially for patients over age 45 and patients who are overweight, osteoarthritis of the knee is a very common condition.

It is a degenerative condition, “wear and tear,” and in this condition the knee’s cartilage becomes damaged or lost in time. The bones begin grinding together directly, which triggers reactive bony overgrowth as well as reduced mobility and serious pain. The pain tends to be much worse while performing activities, though it may be present even when resting.

Knee trauma may accelerate the development of osteoarthritis and trigger premature arthritis in younger patients.

Traditional treatments like hyaluronic acid injection or steroids can sometimes give temporary relief, but many patients eventually need a total knee replacement surgery. This involves significant post-operative pain as well as a prolonged recovery.

Thanks to PRP or stem cell treatments, however, it’s often possible to avoid a major procedure.

Our treatments use the body’s own cells to regenerate tissues in the joint, alleviating dysfunction and pain. Since the treatment is done on an outpatient basis, there is also no hospital stay.

2015: A Healthier Year with Regenerative Medicine

researchThe new year could prove to be one of the most progressive years for regenerative medicine yet. On a global scale, the sheer number of companies, universities and financial institutions conducting or backing research and development in the field implies great potential for regenerative cell therapies to become “mainstream” in the medical community.

Advocacy groups such as The Alliance for Regenerative Medicine(ARM) are working with legislators, regulatory agencies, and investment communities such as Maxim Group, to promote development, and advance availability of cell therapy technologies, as published by The Life Sciences Report.

“Cell therapy ultimately lowers the cost of treating disease, and at a time when there is an outcry over high-priced therapies, cell therapy offers promise to lower the cost of treating disease. In terms of politics, the cell therapies we are focusing on are typically not controversial (using adult stem cells, not cells from embryos). As such, we don’t see any controversy. The big change in the landscape now is the acceptance that cell therapy is safe,” says Jason Kolbert, senior biotechnology analyst and head of healthcare research with Maxim Group.

Regenerative medicine is a class of breakthrough procedures that are based on the potential healing capabilities of a patient’s own stem cells which contain growth factors and signaling proteins that can propagate the regeneration of damaged tissue.

Generally, procedure entails extracting stem cells from where they reside in the body, and injecting them to the problem area. Nature then takes its course, and allows the body’s natural healing process to occur.

Stem cells can be harvested and concentrated or isolated from bone marrow or fat, respectively, to be reinjected directly into an area where there is damaged or degenerating tissues. Applications of these therapies are most commonly used to treat osteoarthritis of any joint, and sports/overuse injury.

With maturity and wide-spread movement in the stem cell therapy field comes great promise. What continuing support means for millions of patients who suffer chronic musculoskeletal pain, is a potentially healthier year in 2015, and for years to come.

To learn more about available stem cell therapy treatments with Regen Doctor in Ventura County, contact us today for a consultation with our team of regenerative medicine specialists.

By | 2015-01-28T09:58:25-07:00 February 3rd, 2015|Benefits of Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cells|0 Comments

Treating ACL Tears with Stem Cells

Treating ACL Tears with Stem CellsKnees are the largest joints in our bodies. They’re also amongst the hardest working joints, allowing daily flexion, extension and slight internal and external rotation of the legs. As being one of the most used joints, they are also the most commonly injured.

Within the knee is the “Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL), one of the four major ligaments of the knee joint that coordinate function and promote stability of the knee joint [and] provides roughly 90 percent of stability in the knee joint,” as defined by UCFS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, who also report that, “ACL injury has an annual incidence of more than 200,000 cases with 70 percent of cases occurring while playing agility sports.”

Though the majority of damage to the ACL is dominantly sports related, injury can occur in any case in which there is sudden stopping, twisting or pivoting, unbalanced landing from a jump, or attempt to regain balance from a stumble or fall. People experience degrees of damage that can range from partial to complete tear of the ACL, resulting in a variety of symptoms depending on the severity of injury including:

  • Feeling a “giving out” in the knee
  • Hearing a “pop” at the time of injury
  • Immediate pain when ligament tears
  • Severe swelling, tenderness, and/or stiffness
  • Inability to bear weight on the knee
  • Overall difficulty walking normally

Traditional treatment for acute ACL tears or injury consists of invasive operative procedures which consist of at least six to nine months of physical therapy before the patient can return to normal levels of functioning and activity.

However, stem cell therapies available at Regen Doctor offer a viable alternative for those who may be considering surgery due to a partial or complete non-retracted ACL tear. By using PRP and/or stem cell treatments, surgical procedures and related risks can be avoided.

Regenerative treatment options utilize the body’s own signaling cells to heal a site-specific area of an affected limb, allowing accelerated regeneration of joint tissues in the ACL. These non-operative procedures are provided in-office, with recovery time averaging a few weeks for patients, as opposed to many months of rehabilitation post surgery.

Stem cell therapies are trusted and proven orthopedic treatments to help alleviate pain and regain function of the knees from ACL tears or sprains.

Contact us a Regen Doctor in Ventura County to learn more about regenerative medicine, and to find out if your a candidate for this revolutionary treatment for healing your ACL injury.

How Do We Treat Ischial Tuberosity Bursitis?

Ischial tuberosity bursitis treatment often takes several months — if done the conventional way. Using PRP or stem cell treatment, we can often eliminate inflammation and regenerate the tissues of your body more quickly, even if traditional treatments have failed.

Understanding Ischial Tuberosity Bursitis
When the closed sac, known as the bursa, located between the ischial tuberosity and the hamstring tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is known as ischial tuberosity bursitis.

The most common cause of an ischial tuberosity bursitis is sports injury. Injuries which cause strain in the hamstring muscle or tendon, or which cause tendonitis in the hamstring tendon, can result in bursitis. The symptoms of an ischial tuberosity bursitis usually include pain in the lower buttocks while sitting. There may also be tingling or numbness in the lower leg, which may also be aggravated by flexing the knee.

Hamstring strains — commonly known as pulled hamstrings — are injuries where the tendon fibers or hamstring muscles located at the back of the thigh experience a tear due to overstretching. Hamstring strains are rated on a scale of 1 to 3, with a grade 3 strain being the most severe (where the patient loses almost all their mobility as a result of a completely torn hamstring).

Hamstring injuries are most common in athletes, though they’re also possible in people with poor muscular strength. The pain of a hamstring strain usually appears very suddenly, and it tends to follow a popping sound from the area. Shortly afterwards the back of the thigh becomes tender, swollen, and bruised.

Ischial tuberosity bursitis can also be caused by hamstring muscles rubbing up against the ischial tuberosity, which irritates the bursa and causes inflammation.

How We Treat Ischial Tuberosity Bursitis
At Regenerative Medicine Specialists, we focus on treatment options which provide same-day in-office treatment, with no hospital stay required. In most cases we use either stem cells or platelet rich plasma treatment.Ischial tuberosity pain

Stem cells are a type of cell which exists throughout your body. These cells are normally dormant, but when needed they are capable of forming almost any kind of cell your body requires depending on the local conditions. They also release many different chemicals themselves, helping activate and attract nearby stem cells, promote cellular regeneration, increase blood flow, and provide proper healing.

You may be aware of certain lizards which can regrow their tails if they are cut off — they use stem cells to do this. In humans, our doctors can use stem cells to heal degeneration and chronic injuries that result in disability and pain.

Platelet Rich Plasma, or PRP, is a concentrated form of your body’s own blood platelets, derived from your blood. It also contains stem cells. Platelets are circulating blood cell fragments which play a key role in healing and blood clotting, and they release signaling molecules which attract healing cells when they are activated.

A PRP injection creates a local environment which favors better blood flow, healthy tissue regeneration, and healing in a manner that minimizes fibrosis (scarring) as well as dysfunctional tissue architectures that can limit normal movement and further propagate pain.